Maths

In Reception the children will be learning to:

  • Say and use the number names in order in familiar contexts.
  • Count reliably up to 10 everyday objects.
  • Count aloud in ones, twos, fives and tens.
  • Recognise numerals 1 to 9.
  • Find one more or one less than a number from 1 to 10.
  • Use language such as ‘more or less’, ‘greater or smaller’, ‘heavier or lighter’, to compare two numbers or quantities.
  • In practical activities and discussion, begin to use the vocabulary involved in adding and subtracting.
  • Begin to relate addition to combining two groups of objects, and subtraction to “taking away”.
  • Talk about, recognise and recreate simple patterns.
  • Use language such as ‘circle’ or ‘bigger’ to describe the shape and size of solids and flat shapes.
  • Use everyday words to describe position.
  • Use developing mathematical ideas and methods to solve practical problems.

In Year 1 the children will be learning to:

  • Count to count reliably at least 20 objects.
  • Count on and back in ones from any small number, and in tens from and back to zero.
  • Read, write and order numbers from 0 to at least 20; understand and use the vocabulary of comparing and ordering these numbers.
  • Within the range 0-30, say the number that is 1 or 10 more or less than any given number.
  • Understand the operation of addition, and of subtraction (as take away or “difference”), and use the related vocabulary
  • Know by heart all pairs of numbers with total of 10.
  • Use mental strategies to solve simple problems using counting, addition, subtraction, doubling and halving, explaining methods ans reasoning orally.
  • Compare two lengths, masses or capacities by direct comparison.
  • Suggest suitable standard or uniform non-standard units and measuring equipment to estimate, then measure, a length, mass or capacity.
  • Use everyday language to describe the features of familiar 3-D and 2-D shapes.

In Year 2 the children will be learning to:

  • Count to at least 100, and read and write numbers up to 100.
  • Given any six numbers up to 100, put them in order.
  • Count forwards and backwards in ones, twos, fives or tens from any 2 digit number.
  • Recognise odd and even numbers.
  • Add and subtract numbers under 20 in their head.
  • Know pairs of ‘tens’ numbers that make 100 e.g. 30 + 70.
  • Double and halve numbers to 20 e.g. double 9 is 18 and half of 18 is 9.
  • Know by heart the 2, 5 and 10 times tables.
  • Find the total value of a handful of coins up to £1.
  • Measure or weigh using metres, centimetres, kilograms and litres.
  • Use a ruler to draw and measure lines to the nearest centimetre.
  • Tell the time to the half and quarter hour.
  • Name and describe common 2-D and 3-D shapes.
  • Solve simple number problems, and explain how to work them out.

In Year 3 the children will be learning to:

  • Read and write numbers up to 1000 and put them in order.
  • Know what each digit is worth in numbers up to 1000.
  • Count on or back in tens or hundreds from any number under 1000 e.g. ‘462, 472, 482…’
  • Know by heart addition and subtraction facts up to 20 e.g. 4 + 16 = 20, 12 – 8 = 4.
  • Work calculations out in their head such as 56 + 29 and 97 – 51.
  • Know by heart the 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 10 times tables.
  • Do simple divisions with remainders.
  • Find simple fractions of shapes and numbers.
  • Tell the time to the nearest 5 minutes.
  • Use £ and p e.g. know that £2.04 is £2 and 4p.
  • Solve simple number problems and explain how to work them out.
  • Recognise right angles and lines of symmetry in simple shapes.
  • Explain a simple graph

In Year 4 the children will be learning to:

  • Know all times tables by heart.
  • Round 3 digit numbers such as 372 to the nearest 10 or 100.
  • Work out that a simple fraction such as two sixths is equivalent to one third.
  • Work out calculations by writing them in columns using pencil and paper such as 234 + 479 and 791 – 223.
  • Multiply numbers such as 38 by 10 or 100 and divide numbers such as 4200 by 10 or 100.
  • Multiply and divide numbers up to 100 by 2, 3, 4 or 5 and find remainders.
  • Change pounds to pence and metres to centimetres, and vice versa.
  • Tell the time to the nearest minute and use a simple timetable.
  • Pick out shapes with similar features e.g. shapes with sides the same length, or with right angles, or symmetrical shapes.
  • Use all 4 number operations (add, subtract, multiply and divide) to solve problems and decide whether it is best to calculate in their head or using pencil and paper.

In Year 5 the children will be learning to:

  • Multiply and divide any whole number up to 10,000 by 10 or 100.
  • Know what the digits in a decimal number stand for e.g. the 6 in 2.63 stands for 6 tenths and the 3 for 3 hundredths.
  • Round numbers with one decimal place to the nearest whole number e.g. 9.7 rounds up to 10, 147.2 rounds down to 147.
  • Use division to find a fraction of a number e.g. one fifth by dividing by 5.
  • Work out in their head the difference between two numbers such as 3994 and 9007.
  • Use pencil and paper to add and subtract big numbers such as 5792 + 8437, 13912 – 5829
  • Know by heart all multiplication tables up to 10 x 10.
  • Double numbers up to 100 in their head.
  • Use pencil and paper for multiplication and division calculations.
  • Draw and measure lines to the nearest millimetre.
  • Work out the perimeter and area of a rectangle such as a book cover measuring 25cm by 20cm.
  • Solve word problems and explain their method.

In Year 6 the children will be learning to:

  • Know by heart all times tables facts to 10 x 10, especially for division and work out remainders.
  • Multiply and divide decimals by 10 or 100 in his head e.g. 2.65 x 10.
  • Put numbers, including decimals, in order of size e.g. 0.099, 0.25, 1.06, 1.67.
  • Add or subtract decimals, using pencil and paper e.g. 3.91 + 8.04 + 24.56, or 13.5 – 1.28.
  • Multiply and divide using pencil and paper e.g. 387 x 42, 21.8 x 7.
  • Cancel fractions 4/20 to 1/5.
  • Work out which of two fractions is bigger e.g. 7/12 or 2/3.
  • Work out simple percentages of whole numbers e.g. 25% of £90 is £22.50.
  • Estimate angles and use a protractor to measure them.
  • Work out the perimeter and area of simple shapes that can be split into rectangles.
  • Solve word problems and explain his method.
  • Use coordinates to plot the position of points.
  • Understand and use information in graphs, charts and tables.