The National Curriculum 2014

From September 2014 a new national Curriculum will be delivered in all Primary Schools. Below you can find out what our children will be taught;  across the full range of subjects. Click on each link to download the title.

The Primary Curriculum (whole document)

English Maths  Science Computing Art and Design
Geography History Languages Music       PE

Design and Technology

Follow this link to the Department of Education website.

City Road Academy Curriculum


In Reception the children will be learning to:

  • Say and use the number names in order in familiar contexts.
  • Count reliably up to 10 everyday objects.
  • Count aloud in ones, twos, fives and tens.
  • Recognise numerals 1 to 9.
  • Find one more or one less than a number from 1 to 10.
  • Use language such as ‘more or less’, ‘greater or smaller’, ‘heavier or lighter’, to compare two numbers or quantities.
  • In practical activities and discussion, begin to use the vocabulary involved in adding and subtracting.
  • Begin to relate addition to combining two groups of objects, and subtraction to “taking away”.
  • Talk about, recognise and recreate simple patterns.
  • Use language such as ‘circle’ or ‘bigger’ to describe the shape and size of solids and flat shapes.
  • Use everyday words to describe position.
  • Use developing mathematical ideas and methods to solve practical problems.

In Year 1 the children will be learning to:

  • Count to count reliably at least 20 objects.
  • Count on and back in ones from any small number, and in tens from and back to zero.
  • Read, write and order numbers from 0 to at least 20; understand and use the vocabulary of comparing and ordering these numbers.
  • Within the range 0-30, say the number that is 1 or 10 more or less than any given number.
  • Understand the operation of addition, and of subtraction (as take away or “difference”), and use the related vocabulary
  • Know by heart all pairs of numbers with total of 10.
  • Use mental strategies to solve simple problems using counting, addition, subtraction, doubling and halving, explaining methods ans reasoning orally.
  • Compare two lengths, masses or capacities by direct comparison.
  • Suggest suitable standard or uniform non-standard units and measuring equipment to estimate, then measure, a length, mass or capacity.
  • Use everyday language to describe the features of familiar 3-D and 2-D shapes.

In Year 2 the children will be learning to:

  • Count to at least 100, and read and write numbers up to 100.
  • Given any six numbers up to 100, put them in order.
  • Count forwards and backwards in ones, twos, fives or tens from any 2 digit number.
  • Recognise odd and even numbers.
  • Add and subtract numbers under 20 in their head.
  • Know pairs of ‘tens’ numbers that make 100 e.g. 30 + 70.
  • Double and halve numbers to 20 e.g. double 9 is 18 and half of 18 is 9.
  • Know by heart the 2, 5 and 10 times tables.
  • Find the total value of a handful of coins up to £1.
  • Measure or weigh using metres, centimetres, kilograms and litres.
  • Use a ruler to draw and measure lines to the nearest centimetre.
  • Tell the time to the half and quarter hour.
  • Name and describe common 2-D and 3-D shapes.
  • Solve simple number problems, and explain how to work them out.

In Year 3 the children will be learning to:

  • Read and write numbers up to 1000 and put them in order.
  • Know what each digit is worth in numbers up to 1000.
  • Count on or back in tens or hundreds from any number under 1000 e.g. ‘462, 472, 482…’
  • Know by heart addition and subtraction facts up to 20 e.g. 4 + 16 = 20, 12 – 8 = 4.
  • Work calculations out in their head such as 56 + 29 and 97 – 51.
  • Know by heart the 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 10 times tables.
  • Do simple divisions with remainders.
  • Find simple fractions of shapes and numbers.
  • Tell the time to the nearest 5 minutes.
  • Use £ and p e.g. know that £2.04 is £2 and 4p.
  • Solve simple number problems and explain how to work them out.
  • Recognise right angles and lines of symmetry in simple shapes.
  • Explain a simple graph

In Year 4 the children will be learning to:

  • Know all times tables by heart.
  • Round 3 digit numbers such as 372 to the nearest 10 or 100.
  • Work out that a simple fraction such as two sixths is equivalent to one third.
  • Work out calculations by writing them in columns using pencil and paper such as 234 + 479 and 791 – 223.
  • Multiply numbers such as 38 by 10 or 100 and divide numbers such as 4200 by 10 or 100.
  • Multiply and divide numbers up to 100 by 2, 3, 4 or 5 and find remainders.
  • Change pounds to pence and metres to centimetres, and vice versa.
  • Tell the time to the nearest minute and use a simple timetable.
  • Pick out shapes with similar features e.g. shapes with sides the same length, or with right angles, or symmetrical shapes.
  • Use all 4 number operations (add, subtract, multiply and divide) to solve problems and decide whether it is best to calculate in their head or using pencil and paper.

In Year 5 the children will be learning to:

  • Multiply and divide any whole number up to 10,000 by 10 or 100.
  • Know what the digits in a decimal number stand for e.g. the 6 in 2.63 stands for 6 tenths and the 3 for 3 hundredths.
  • Round numbers with one decimal place to the nearest whole number e.g. 9.7 rounds up to 10, 147.2 rounds down to 147.
  • Use division to find a fraction of a number e.g. one fifth by dividing by 5.
  • Work out in their head the difference between two numbers such as 3994 and 9007.
  • Use pencil and paper to add and subtract big numbers such as 5792 + 8437, 13912 – 5829
  • Know by heart all multiplication tables up to 10 x 10.
  • Double numbers up to 100 in their head.
  • Use pencil and paper for multiplication and division calculations.
  • Draw and measure lines to the nearest millimetre.
  • Work out the perimeter and area of a rectangle such as a book cover measuring 25cm by 20cm.
  • Solve word problems and explain their method.

In Year 6 the children will be learning to:

  • Know by heart all times tables facts to 10 x 10, especially for division and work out remainders.
  • Multiply and divide decimals by 10 or 100 in his head e.g. 2.65 x 10.
  • Put numbers, including decimals, in order of size e.g. 0.099, 0.25, 1.06, 1.67.
  • Add or subtract decimals, using pencil and paper e.g. 3.91 + 8.04 + 24.56, or 13.5 – 1.28.
  • Multiply and divide using pencil and paper e.g. 387 x 42, 21.8 x 7.
  • Cancel fractions 4/20 to 1/5.
  • Work out which of two fractions is bigger e.g. 7/12 or 2/3.
  • Work out simple percentages of whole numbers e.g. 25% of £90 is £22.50.
  • Estimate angles and use a protractor to measure them.
  • Work out the perimeter and area of simple shapes that can be split into rectangles.
  • Solve word problems and explain his method.
  • Use coordinates to plot the position of points.
  • Understand and use information in graphs, charts and tables.

Supporting your child at home
Here are some ways in which you can support your child with Maths.

  • It is important that you talk and listen to your child about their work in maths. It will help your child if they have to explain it to you.
  • Share a maths activity with your child and discuss it with them.
  • Be positive about maths, even if you don’t feel confident about it yourself
  • If your child cannot do their homework let the teacher know.
  • A lot of maths can be done using everyday situations and will not need pencil and paper methods.
  • Play games and have fun with maths


Children learn primarily through speaking and listening and by encountering a range of situations, activities and audiences which are designed to develop confidence in communication. Our reading activities build on the speaking skills that children bring from home. The most important skill you can help your child to develop is being able to speak clearly and confidently about their daily activities and family life. This is valuable in any language as the skills of effective communication are shared by all languages. We also aim to ensure that pupils can use correctly spoken English to communicate in a range of circumstances.

The school’s aim is to foster the development of children who are able to approach both spoken and written forms of communication confidently. A particular effort is made to involve parents in the vital process of teaching children to read. You will be invited to workshops during the year to explore how best to help your child with their reading and staff will always be pleased to talk to you about the progress of your child.

In Nursery, Reception and Year 1 you will be invited to stay for the first 10 minutes of the day several times a week to support your child and see how teachers work to develop reading and writing skills. A wide range of rich, stimulating texts both fiction and non-fiction is available for pupils in the classrooms and through the use of the interactive whiteboards.

In Nursery, Reception and KS1 pupils are taught to read using the Government’s recommended systematic, synthetic phonics approach. This lays out the order and method of teaching phonics to young children. Your child will learn to sound out letters in order to build words and segment them in order to spell. The scheme used to teach phonics is OUP’s Floppy Phonics which contains a range of books, ICT resources, activities, homework and posters to support class room teaching. In KS2 pupils who need support with phonic skills use ‘International Phonics’.

Children have frequent opportunities to write for a variety of purposes and audiences. They will write individually and in groups, discussing their work with their peers and the teacher.

To stimulate children’s writing we use stories, plays, poems and life experiences and they learn the drafting process, spelling patterns and grammatical rules in the context of their own writing.

In Years 1-6 pupils use the sentence ladder to support their progress in writing. This explains the steps necessary to become an accomplished writer and is used to set targets for individual pupils.

Sentence Ladder

14.Ellipsis sentence
It suddenly came to a stand still…
13. Dash sentence
They didn’t want to go – they were too frightened.
12. Bracket sentence
The old lady (who was ill) felt terrible.
11. Semi colon sentence
The children came home today; they had been away for a week
10. Complex sentence
The boy, who was only 5 years old, sang beautifully. Although I’m not very good, I still played football.
9. Sentences starting with ___ing word
Walking quickly, she realised she had forgotten her key.
8. Sentences starting with an adverb
Slowly, she crept upstairs to her bedroom.
7. Speech sentence
“Would you come with me?” she asked.
6. Compound Sentence
USE: and, because, but, so, then, who, when, which, even though, although
5. Sentence with a list using commas
He ate apples, bananas and strawberries.
4. Question sentence
What was he going to do?
3. Exclamation sentence
It was great!
2. Simple sentence extended using ‘and’
The cat sat on the mat and yawned.
1. Simple sentence
The cat sat on the mat.

The Active Curriculum

Pupils learn most effectively when their lessons are linked to each other and to real life. For this reason our curriculum is planned around topics which include all of the subject areas. Within each year group pupils will be taught a range of skills at levels which are appropriate to their ability and stage of maturity. This enables all pupils to make progress as they can develop and apply their skills in a range of activities and learning opportunities.

Pupils are encouraged to collaborate in pairs and small groups as well as to develop independence, perseverance and a sense of enquiry.

Most of all we aim to ensure that children enjoy their learning. Trips and visits and visitors are planned to expand pupil’s experience of the world and engage them in hands on activities.


It is our aim to develop a child’s understanding of the world about them and their own interaction with it through research, cross-curricular links, hands on experience and fun!

Our curriculum has evolved into a topic based approach and most teaching and learning of Science is carried out within those topics. This means that we can ensure that the children have a valuable and exciting learning experience which we hope will inspire them to have a lifelong interest in the scientific world. Because of the nature of topic based work the children may cover their science learning in blocks, meaning that they may be immersed in science for a number of days in a term rather that one lesson per week throughout the year. The learning we deliver is varied and interesting, but still cumulative in nature so that the children’s understanding develops as they move through the school.

Children are constantly developing their skills in scientific enquiry learning to question in a scientific manner, research and investigate to gather evidence. This includes the skill of ‘fair testing.’

Sex Education at City Road forms part of a “body awareness” programme as a section of our Health Education scheme. Our long term curriculum plan for Health and Sex Education begins in the Reception Unit and completes its cycle in Year 6. There are three main themes. Me and My Body, Me and My Relationships and Me and My Community. Prior to any sessions relating to puberty, parents will be invited to come into school and view the materials which we intend to use.


ICT is taught as a separate lesson where skills are practised e.g. using the key board, using a particular programme or researching on the internet. It is also used as a tool to support learning in all curriculum areas. Pupils are encouraged to use their ICT skills for research, presentation, data analysis and design activities.

The school’s Acceptable Internet Use Policy can be found in the policies section of the website.


All pupils in KS2 are taught French each week. Some of these lessons are taught by a French specialist teacher. The class teacher also learns alongside the children so that they can practise between lessons. The aim of this programme is to develop children’s ability to learn any language effectively and gain confidence in spoken and basic written French.


The objectives of teaching history are:

  • to foster in children an interest in the past, and to develop an understanding that enables them to enjoy all that history has to offer;
  • to enable children to know about significant events in British history, and to appreciate how things have changed over time;
  • to develop a sense of chronology;
  • to understand how Britain is part of a wider European culture, and to study some aspects of European history;
  • to have some knowledge and understanding of historical events in the wider world;
  • to help children understand our multicultural and diverse society and their place within it
  • to develop in children the skills of enquiry, investigation, analysis, evaluation and presentation.


In Geography our aim is to make children more aware of their own surroundings and to make sense of them by:

  • Investigating where they and other people live both in Britain and the wider world.
  • Studying different communities and their surroundings.
  • Discussing man’s impact on the environment making children aware of the quality and vulnerability of their world.
  • Practising and applying geographical skills such as map reading, analysing data and comparing information.

Art and Design, Design and Technology

Throughout their time at City Road Primary School, the children will engage in a range of activities, using a variety of media. They will explore a range of skills from drawing, painting and multi media work to large and small sculpture and collage.
Gallery visits are also arranged to allow children to access the amazing resources which Birmingham and the local area have to offer.


At City Road Primary School we are proud of our tradition of high quality music teaching , encouraging children to participate in a variety of musical experiences through which we aim to build up the confidence of all children to sing , play ,compose , appraise and perform. The school choir takes part in performances throughout the year. Children in Year 4 participate in the ‘Wider Opportunities Scheme’ where they learn to play a stringed instrument or the Djembe drums with the opportunity to continue in Year 5 and Year 6.

Religious Education

It is a legal requirement that Religious Education be taught to all registered pupils in maintained schools. The School follows the Agreed Birmingham Syllabus.

Children at City Road Primary School are offered a multi-cultural approach to learning in religious education, with opportunities to explore Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Hinduism. Through the Active Curriculum, children are also given opportunities to explore wider issues e.g. why do people believe or how do they express their faith in different ways?

Children visit places of worship and listen and respond to stories from various faiths. They also have the opportunity to meet believers in school through assemblies. Children are encouraged to share their own beliefs, ideas and values and to talk about their experiences, as well developing skills of reflection and respect.

Parents who wish to withdraw their children from any activities need to put their requests in writing to the Local Advisory Board.


Physical activity is essential to good health and well-being. It forms part of every child’s programme whilst at school.
Children are expected to handle physical education equipment safely and sensibly and this training is an important part of each lesson. The physical education curriculum consists of Gymnastics, Games and Dance. For children in Reception, Years 1 to 6 Swimming is part of the curriculum. They will also have opportunities to develop their skills in Athletics and Outdoor Adventurous Activities.