Key skills


By on Monday 5 January 2015

September 2014 – New Curriculum


Key skills in Maths for the year
• count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward
• recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones)
• identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line
• compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs
• read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words
• use place value and number facts to solve problems.
• solve problems with addition and subtraction:
• using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures
• applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods
• recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100
• add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:
• a two-digit number and ones
• a two-digit number and tens
• two two-digit numbers

• adding three one-digit numbers

• show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot.
• recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.
• recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers
• calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs
• show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot
• solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.
• recognise, find, name and write fractions one third, one quarter, two quarters and three quarters of a
length, shape, set of objects or quantity
• write simple fractions for example, half of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of and a half and two quarters.


Key skills in Literacy for the year

• The use of capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks in sentences.
• The use of commas to separate items in a list
• The use of apostrophes for omission. e.g. did not – didn’t
• The use of apostrophe to show singular possession in nouns, e.g. the girl’s name (as there is 1 girl and the name belongs to her.)


Grammar and Vocabulary
• Using suffixes in nouns e.g. ness, er
• Using suffixes in adjectives e.g. er, est
• Using the suffix ly to change adjectives into adverbs.
• To use subordination in sentences e.g. if, when, that, because.
• To use coordination in sentences e.g. or, and, but
• Know how to expand noun phrases for description or specification.(Includes 2A sentences.) e.g. noun phrase – The butterfly. changes to The beautiful, colourful butterfly. Noun phrase – The man. Changes to The man in the moon.
• Know how the grammatical pattern in a sentence indicates its function – statement, question, exclamation or command.
• To choose and consistently use the correct tense – past and present.
• To know what a noun, adjective and verb is.


Grammatical terms that children should know
• Noun and noun phrase
• Statement, question, exclamation, command
• Compound sentence
• Adjective
• Verb
• Adverb
• Suffix
• Past tense and present tense
• Apostrophe
• Comma

Posted in: Year 2